Geriatric physical therapy covers a wide area of problems concerning the elderly. There are many conditions that affect people as they grow older and include, but are not limited to, the following: arthritis, osteoporosis, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, hip and joint replacement, balance disorders, incontinence, etc.
The types of problems faced in geriatric physiotherapy are grouped into three
- The problems that happen because the patient simply does not use their limbs or does not exercise. These problems can be addressed by reconditioning through range-of-motion exercises and other exercises.
- Cardiovascular disease, like heart disease and stroke. The physiotherapist has an array of tools at her disposal to work with these conditions: Exercise, aqua
therapy, electrical stimulation, and more can be used.
- Skeletal problems such as osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. These conditions require special attention: while osteoporosis makes patients frailer, osteoarthritis is very painful.